The Persian Gulf is about 232850 square kilometers in the south and between Iran and the Arabian Peninsula and is related to the Oman Sea through the Strait of Hormuz.

Iran, Oman, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, UAE, Qatar and Bahrain are on the Persian Gulf.

Its length extends from the mouth of Arvandrood to the northwest to the Strait of Hormoz to the south-east of about 805 km and is between 56 and 288 km.

The Persian Gulf is the name of the remains of the oldest sources, and has been existence BCE and is tied to Pars and Persia – the name of the land of the iranian nation.

Its maximum depth is 182 meters in height and at least 30 meters in the outfall of Arvandrood.

The northern side is surrounded by the coasts of Iran, and there are Kuwait and Iraq in the northwest corner of the country.

At the bottom of the Persian Gulf, there are rocky and coral ridges that are the place where pearls are hunting.

On the continental shelf and deep down the Persian Gulf, reservoirs and vast fields of oil are of particular importance for the extraction of oil around it.

Persian Gulf is a free sea that links Iran with the Strait of Hormuz and through the waters of the Indian Ocean and countries of the world. This bay is strategically important as it is located along the way to the Middle East maritime routes. Along the coast of the sea, there are mountains that lead to the sea at some places of the highlands, and sometimes the plains between the sea and the altitudes pass away from the sea. The major part of the country’s fishing is on the coast of southern Iran.

Approximately 78 percent of the country’s water resources are caught in the southern coast. The most important species of the Southern Sea fish are Halvah, Shirmahi, Shoorideh, Ghobad, Sarkhoo, Sangasar.

The Persian Gulf and its shores have oil and gas mines, and it is a transit route for Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, which is why it is an important and strategic region.

This gulf is linked by the Strait of Hormuz to the Oman Sea and through in to the Free Seas.