Mount Damavand is a mountain in northern Iran that is the highest mountain in Iran, the Middle East and the highest volcanic peak in asia. Damavand is located in the central part of the Alborz Range in the south of Mazandaran. From the perspective of the country’s divisions, it is located in Larijan district of Amol city in Mazandaran province. During the smooth and sunny weather, you can see from cities of Tehran, Varamin, Qom, as well as the banks of the Caspian Sea. Mount Damavand was registered on the 13 of July 2008 as the first natural work of Iran in the national monuments list of Iran. Mount Damavand has also been listed as “national natural effect” since 2002 in the number of valuable four areas in terms of environmental protection.


Different measurements have been made for the height of Mount Damavand from the free water level. According to the National Statistic Port of Iran, the elevation of this mountain is 5, 610 meters, other sources, including the National Geospatial Data Base of Iran and the site of the NASA Earth Observatory, are over 5,670 meters, and 5,671 meters for the summit of this mountain.

Distance from nearby cities

This summit is located 26 kilometers northwest of Damavand, 62 kilometers southwest of Amol and 69 kilometers northeast of Tehran.

Rivers around

The Tina River in the north, the heraz river in the south and east, and the Lar river in the west of this mountain. The Lar river and Deiv asiab river in the west and its pang o(five waters) are in the east of Mount Damavand.


Damavand is a semi-active volcanic mountain, which is mainly composed of the fourth part of the geologic period called the Holocene, and its lifetime has been estimated at least 38,500 years. The diameter of the crater is about 400 meters long, which covers a lake of ice, and there are smoke circles around it. There are also indications of the existence of old craters and volcanic bowls on the southern and northern side of the mountain, with the diameter of the bowl reaching 9 km.