Iran (Meaning: Land of Aryans) the official name of the Islamic Republic of Iran, The country is southwestern Asia and in the Middle East with 1, 648, 195 square kilometers (18th in the world), and based on the census of 2011, it has a population of 76,091,000.The largest city and political center of Iran is Tehran.

Iran is neighboring from the north with the Republic of Azerbaijan, Armenia and Turkmenistan, from the east with Afghanistan and Pakistan, and from the west with Turkey and Iraq, and also from the north to the Caspian Sea and from the south to the Persian Gulf and the Oman Sea, Important areas are oil and gas extraction in the world.